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Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 1 (Positive) -- Command: 44 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 1 - The 248 Positive Commandments of the Tora

44 - THE MEAL-OFFERING OF THE NEW BARLEY


Leviticus 23-10 -- “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest.”

The ceremony observed at the bringing of the Meal-offering of the Sheaf is described by the Mishnah: “The messengers of the Court (i.e. of the Great Sanhedrin) used to go out on the day before the Festival of Passover and tie the unreaped corn in bunches to make it the easier to reap. All the inhabitants of the towns near by assembled there, so that it might be reaped with much pomp. When it grew dark one called out, (Has the sun set?) and they answered, (Yes!) (Has the sun set?) And they answered (Yes!)… (Shall I reap?) And they answered, (Reap!)… They reaped it, put it into the baskets, and brought it to the Temple Court… They used to beat it with reeds or stems of plants, that the grains should not be crushed; then they put it into a hollow tube that was perforated, so that the fire might take hold of all of it. They spread it out in the Temple Court so that the wind might blow over it. They put it into a grist-mill and took out of it a tenth (of an ephah of four), which was sifted through thirteen sieves… Then they came to the tenth, put in oil and its frankincense, poured in the oil, mingled it, waved it, and brought it near (to the altar), took from it the handful, and burnt it; and the residue was eaten by the priests.”*

* Men. 65a; 66a; 67b

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