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Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 1 (Positive) -- Command: 71 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 1 - The 248 Positive Commandments of the Tora

71 - THE UNCONDITIONAL GUILT-OFFERING


Leviticus 5:15 -- "If a person commits a trespass, and sins unintentionally in regard to the holy things of the LORD, then he shall bring to the LORD as his trespass offering a ram without blemish from the flocks, with your valuation in shekels of silver according to the shekel of the sanctuary, as a trespass offering.”
Leviticus 19:20-21 -- 21 “Whoever lies carnally with a woman who is betrothed to a man as a concubine, and who has not at all been redeemed nor given her freedom, for this there shall be scourging; but they shall not be put to death, because she was not free. 22 And he shall bring his trespass offering to the LORD, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, a ram as a trespass offering.”

In connection with the law of sacrilege Maimonides reflects as follows: “It behooves every man to meditate upon the ordinances of the Holy Torah and to discern their ultimate purpose according to his ability: let him not hold lightly that for which he finds no explanation or discovers no reason – And let him not break through to come up unto the Lord, lest He break forth upon him* - and let him not consider it in the same manner in which he considers secular things.”

* See Ex. XIX, 24

“See how stringent the Torah is in the case of sacrilege! If, by the use of mere words, the name of the Lord of the universe having been proclaimed over (subjects of) wood, stone, earth and ashes, sanctity has been conferred upon them, so that whoever employs them for a secular purpose (becomes culpable for) having committed sacrilege – a violation which even if committed unintentionally necessitates atonement – how much more should this be true of a commandment which the Holy One, blessed be He, has ordained for us, namely that one should not rebel against it (merely) because he does not know its explanation, and that he should make no untrue representations concerning the Lord. Truly one is not to consider (His ordinances) in the same manner in which he considers secular things.”*

* Mishneh Torah, Abodah, Hilchoth Me’ilah VIII, 8

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