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Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 1 (Positive) -- Command: 199 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 1 - The 248 Positive Commandments of the Tora

199 - RESTORING A PLEDGE RO A NEEDY OWNER


Deuteronomy 24:13 --You shall in any case return the pledge to him again when the sun goes down, that he may sleep in his own garment and bless you; and it shall be righteousness to you before the LORD your God.”
Exodus 22:26-28 -- 26If you ever take your neighbor's garment as a pledge, you shall return it to him before the sun goes down. 27 For that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin. What will he sleep in? And it will be that when he cries to Me, I will hear, for I am gracious. 28 You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people.”
Deuteronomy 24:10 -- "When you lend your brother anything, you shall not go into his house to get his pledge.”

The reference in this commandment is to restoring a pledge that has been taken from its owner after the loan was made. Such a pledge can be obtained only through the court. The officer of the court may not enter the debtor’s house to fetch it, but must wait outside until it is handed to him. Where the pledge has been obtained by the creditor at the time the loan was made, he is under no obligation to restore it before payment of the debt.*

* Mishneh Torah, Mishpatim, Hilchoth Malveh Ve-Loveh III, 4-5

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