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Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 2 (Negative) -- Prohibition: 62 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 2 - The 365 Prohibitions of the Tora

62 - SWEARING A SHEBUAT SHAV


Exodus 20:7 --You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.”

The Mishnah says: “What is a shebuat shav? Swearing that which is contrary to the facts known to man.”*

* Sheb. 29a (Sonc. ed. p. 157)

Maimonides says: “Violations affecting a vain oath and a false oath, though not involving the penalty of extinction, are classed among the ‘Graver Transgressions’ of the Law.”* No complete atonement is possible in these cases.**

* Mishneh Torah, Mada, Hilchoth Teshubah I, 7
** ibid., Hafla’ah, Hilchoth Shebuoth XII, 1

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