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Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 2 (Negative) -- Prohibition: 179 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 2 - The 365 Prohibitions of the Tora

179 - EATING ANY SWARMING THING


Leviticus 11:43 --You shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creeps; nor shall you make yourselves unclean with them, lest you be defiled by them.”

By this prohibition it is forbidden to eat any swarming thing whatever, without regard to whether it be a winged swarming thing, or a thing that swarms in the water, or a thing that swarms upon the earth.

This is a distinct prohibition in itself, the contravention of which is punished by whipping, and it is similar to an issur kolel.* Accordingly, one who eats anything that swarms upon the earth is punished by whipping twice over: once on account of “And every creeping thing that creeps on the earth shall be an abomination. It shall not be eaten.” (Leviticus 11:41)** , and once on account of “You shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creeps” (Leviticus 11:43). Similarly, one who eats any winged swarming thing is liable to whipping twice over: once on account of, “Also every creeping thing that flies is unclean for you; they shall not be eaten.” (Deuteronomy 14:19)*** and once on account of, “You shall not make yourselves abominable…etc.”.

* This view, however, is refuted by Maimonides. An issur kolel is an “inclusive prohibition”, including a wide range of subjects
** See Neg. Comm. 176
*** See Neg. Comm. 175

Moreover, one who eats a single insect which is both winged and creeps upon the earth, so that it is at one and the same time a winged swarming thing and a thing that swarms upon the earth, is punished by whipping four times.* If in addition the insect is of a variety which swarms in the water, eating it will be punishable by six infliction of whipping: four as stated, the fifth for an unclean fish, of which it is said, “you shall not eat their flesh” (Leviticus 11:11),** and the sixth on account of “You shall not make yourselves abominable… etc.

* I.e. for violations of Neg. Comms. 175 and 179, 177 and 179
** See Neg. Comm. 173

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