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Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 2 (Negative) -- Prohibition: 282 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 2 - The 365 Prohibitions of the Tora

282 - A COURT CONVICTING IN A CAPITAL CASE BY MAJORITY OF ONE


Exodus 23:2 -- “You shall not follow a crowd to do evil; nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after many to pervert justice.”

By this prohibition, a court is forbidden to convict in a capital case by a majority of one. The meaning of this is that if there is a division of opinion among the judges,* some being in favor of the death sentence and others not, and there is a majority of only one in favor of conviction, it is not permitted to put the sinner to death, the Lord having forbidden the court to do so unless the majority favoring conviction is at least two. This prohibition is contained in His words, you shall not follow a crowd to do evil.**

* Capital cases were tried by a court of 23 judges
** Ex. XXIII, 2

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