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Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 2 (Negative) -- Prohibition: 153 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 2 - The 365 Prohibitions of the Tora

153 - EATING TEVEL


Leviticus 22:15 -- “They shall not profane the holy offerings of the children of Israel, which they offer to the LORD.”
Numbers 18:32 -- “And you shall bear no sin because of it, when you have lifted up the best of it. But you shall not profane the holy gifts of the children of Israel, lest you die.”
Deuteronomy 12:17 -- “You may not eat within your gates the tithe of your grain or your new wine or your oil, of the firstlings of your herd or your flock, of any of your offerings which you vow, of your freewill offerings, or of the heave offering of your hand.”

The Gemara of Sanhedrin says: “Whence do we know that one who eats tevel is liable to death by the hand of Heaven? From the verse, They shall not profane the holy offerings of the children of Israel, which they offer to the LORD. Now the verse refers to that which is yet to be offered (i.e. the verse refers to holy things, namely, the heave offering which is yet to be set apart from the produce, so that it is all tevel; and then identity of law is learnt from the use of ‘profanation’ here and in the case of the heave offering: just as there the penalty is death, so here too.”*

* Sanh. 83a (Sonc. ed. p. 551)

Priests were also obliged to set apart from their produce the various prescribed heave offerings and tithes; only they were allowed to take the gifts for themselves.*

* Mishneh Torah, Zeraim, Hilchoth Ma’aser I, 3

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