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Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 2 (Negative) -- Prohibition: 243 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 2 - The 365 Prohibitions of the Tora

243 - ABDUCTING AN ISRAELITE


Exodus 20:15 --You shall not steal.
Leviticus 25:42 -- “For they are My servants, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves.”

By this prohibition, it is forbidden to abduct an Israelite.* It is contained in His words in the Ten Commandments, You shall not steal.

* Including an infant (Mishneh Torah, Nezikin, Hilchoth Genevah IX, 6)

The Gemara of Sanhedrin says: “Whence do we derive the prohibition of abduction? Rabbi Josiah said: From You shall not steal; Rabbi Johanan said: From they shall not be sold as slaves.* Now there is no dispute between them: one sage states the prohibition of stealing (i.e. abduction), the other sage states the prohibition of selling (the kidnapped person).”**

* Lev. XXV, 42; see Neg. Comm. 258
** Sanh. 86a (Sonc. ed. p. 569)

“He who steals a human being is killed, because he is also prepared to kill him whom he steals.”*

* Moreh Nebuchim III, 41

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