Grace and Truth
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BIK01 - Biblical Investigations of the Koran
A Ministry Course on Biblical Content in the Koran
STAGE 2 - Biblical PASSAGES and Biblical PERSONALITIES in the Koran
UNIT 09 - INVESTIGATE CHANGES: Examples of Biblical Texts on Adam Changed in the Koran - Analysis, Explanation and Application
09.1 - CHANGE EXAMPLE 1: Adam in the Garden and the interdiction to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2:15-17 changed in the Koran)
09.1.1 - Element 1: God put Adam in the Garden of Eden
153 - Element 1: ANALYSIS - How Genesis 2:15a was taken up and changed in the Koran
Here we have two words in the Koran that are transliterations of Hebrew words from Genesis:
The Arabic “” is a transliteration of the Hebrew “”, meaning in Hebrew “human being”. The sound is (nearly) the same in the Koran, but the meaning is different: in Arabic “aadam” is the proper name of the first prophet and not the word for “human being”, which is “insaan” in Arabic.
Then the Arabic “” is a transliteration of the Hebrew “”, which in Hebrew is a feminine word, like the Arabic “jannah”. The Hebrew word “gann” means “garden” in Hebrew. Here both have (nearly) the same sound and (nearly) the same meaning, signifying a garden. However, the Arabic “jannah” in the Koran is a technical term used only for what in English is often called “the Garden of Paradise”.
Then there are the following ways in which the Koran has changed biblical content in this element:
a) The biblical “” was replaced in the Koran with “”. (See Omission Example 1 of UNIT 07 above for an explanation of this fundamental difference between the Bible and the Koran: the Koran systematically omitted the most frequent biblical name of God “Yahweh”, usually replacing it with “Allah” as is the case here.)
b) In the Bible is concerned, while in the Koran both (i.e. wife) are concerned (this is a change in the chronology of the Bible in the Koran).
c) In the Bible Yahweh Adam into the garden, while in the Koran Allah Adam and his mate (i.e. his wife) to dwell in the garden (this is a '''replacement of a biblical content in the Koran). -- And finally,
d) The Bible specifies where the garden was located, namely in a ”, while the Koran omitted this geographical detail. (See Omission Example 2 in UNIT 07 above for an explanation of this typical difference between the Bible and the Koran: the Koran in nearly all cases omitted the abundant geographical details that you find in the Bible.)