Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 1 (Positive) -- Command: 137 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 1 - The 248 Positive Commandments of the Tora
137 - BLOWING THE SHOFAR ON THE TENTH DAY OF TISHIRI IN THE JUBELEE YEAR
This is to proclaim the freedom of Hebrew bondmen without any payment.
Leviticus 25:9-10 -- 9 “Then you shall cause the trumpet of the Jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land. 10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee for you; and each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you shall return to his family.”
The blowing of the Shofar on the tenth day of Tishri – i.e. on Yom Kippur – of the fiftieth year* is an essential condition for the sanctification of the Jubilee. The laws relating to this year have no effect without the blowing of the Shofar.**
*The year of “Jubilee” seems to have commenced on the Day of Atonement, which fell on the tenth day of the seventh month of the Jewish sacred year, Ethanim or tishri. This seventh month, however, was also the first month of the Jewish civil calendar.
** Mishneh Torah, Zeraim, Hilchoth Shemitah Ve-Yobel X, 13- 14
Liberation of Hebrew bondmen took place on the tenth day of Tishri, but from the first day of Tishri (i.e. the New Year) of the Jubilee the bondmen ceased working for their masters, and for the ten ensuing days the bondmen ate, drank and rejoiced with great celebrations – in anticipation of their coming liberation.*
* Mishneh Torah, Zeraim, Hilchoth Shemitah Ve-Yobel X, 14