Home -- Content: Series 7 (Laws) -- Translation: English -- Book: 1 (Tora) -- Part: 1 (Positive) -- Command: 172 -- Text
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The Sharia of Moses in the TORA
Part 1 - The 248 Positive Commandments of the Tora
172 - HEEDING THE PROPHETS
Deuteronomy 18:15 -- "The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear.”
The conditions of a prophet:
Deuteronomy 13:1-5 -- 1"If there arises among you a prophet or a dreamer of dreams, and he gives you a sign or a wonder, 2 and the sign or the wonder comes to pass, of which he spoke to you, saying, 'Let us go after other gods-which you have not known-and let us serve them,' 3 "you shall not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams, for the LORD your God is testing you to know whether you love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. 4 You shall walk after the LORD your God and fear Him, and keep His commandments and obey His voice, and you shall serve Him and hold fast to Him. 5 But that prophet or that dreamer of dreams shall be put to death, because he has spoken in order to turn you away from the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt and redeemed you from the house of bondage, to entice you from the way in which the LORD your God commanded you to walk. So you shall put away the evil from your midst.”
He who will not hear:
Deuteronomy 18:19 -- “And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him.”
A prophet may temporarily either subtract from or add to the six hundred and thirteen commandments which the Torah has ordained; but if he attempts to make such a change permanent, he is known to be a false prophet, and as such incurs the penalty of death by strangulation. In the case of the commandments pertaining to idolatry, if the prophet attempts to suspend them even only temporarily he is known to be a false prophet, and he is punished accordingly.*
* Mishneh Torah, Mada, Hilchoth Yesode Ha-Torah IX
In ordinary matters, however, we are to hearken to the prophet in all circumstances.
That God has spoken to mankind through His prophets, and that Moses must remain Israel’s chosen prophet for all time, Maimonides affirms in his “Thirteen Basic Principles of Faith”.