141 - ADDITION EXAMPLE 2: Analysis 3 - The significance of these non-biblical teachings on Adam in the Koran
The Koran mentions Adam in a list of prophets sent by Allah to mankind (Sura Al 'Imran 3:33). Even though no Koran verse explicitly calls Adam a prophet, he nevertheless, on the basis of this verse (3:33), is viewed in a sense as being the father of all prophets. So, the Koran could not leave Adam with the blemish of being the father of all sinners. Could it be that this is the reason, why the Koran in the verses treated in this Addition Example 2 exonerated Adam and portrayed him as someone, who was elected, pardoned, well guided by and given words from Allah, like the other prophets after him? Do these verses establish the prophethood of Adam, even though he never is called a prophet explicitly in the Koran? Is this the reason that all these positive statements about Adam are only made of him as a man and not accorded his wife too, like the rest of the verses in the respective contexts?
On the other side, the Koran also outlines the deep tragedy in the life of Adam: he started out as somebody, who was worshipped by all the angels in the (Jannah) Garden and ended up as someone commanded to descend together with Iblis (the Devil) from this (Jannah) Garden, to be harassed by the Devil and his helpers until Judgment Day. So, from an object of worship of angels, Adam was changed to become a person harassed by the Devil. Since Islam is portrayed in the Koran as the only remedy for escaping the machinations of the Devil (see Addition Example 1 above), the Koran had to transform Adam to become a leader and an example for all Muslims after him. Transforming him into a prophet of Islam seems to have done exactly this.